Author: Fred Dunn

Is It Possible To Train To Be A Morning Person?

There are people who wake up in the morning with a good mood and a desire to make the day productive. And those who do not fit this profile are labeled lazy or without goals to achieve. After all, we learned, early on, that “God helps early risers”.

Admittedly, the world basically works during the day. Although day life is the pattern to be followed, there are people who have difficulty following it. And can a person be trained to be a “morning person”?

According to Michelle Drerup, director of sleep behavioral medicine at the Cleveland Clinic, this is indeed possible, but it is not an easy thing. “A real person night owl really does not feel right when you wake up, especially when you are starting to change that,” he said.

Trend

A person’s tendency to be a night person is known as his chronotype. And depending on this chronotype, people tend to be more awake and alert at certain times of the day and more sleepy at others.

Scientists have discovered that chronotypes are determined by a combination of nature and nurture. With respect to nature are several genes known to play roles in determining whether someone prefers to stay up late at night or early in the morning.

According to a 2019 study, hundreds of genes are related to being a morning person. These genes influence a person’s circadian rhythm, or their natural sleep-wake cycle, and this leads to their chronotype.

Furthermore, the environment also plays a big role in this determination. According to Drepup, people tend to engage in daily activities that reinforce their chronotype. For example, night people feel more productive and alert at night. Therefore, they tend to exercise and socialize at night. The activities are stimulating and reinforce a person’s tendency to stay up late.

Changes

Because the environment is a determining factor whether the person is at night or in the morning, it is possible to change their sleep-wake cycle. If a person wants to wake up earlier, it is recommended to change gradually. Drerup recommends slowly changing the alarm clock, between 15 and 20 minutes earlier, over several weeks until the person adjusts to their ideal time. The secret to success is consistency.

“This is where night owls will often have difficulties. They will start to adjust as the workweek goes on, and then stay up late and sleep late on weekends. This loses the momentum that started to develop at the end of the week”, he pointed out.

The director of sleep behavioral medicine also recommends that people limit exposure to light in the hour before bed. That’s because light blocks the body’s production of melatonin, which is a hormone that regulates the circadian rhythm. On the other hand, it is important that the person exposes himself to light as soon as he wakes up, so that the production of melatonin is stopped.

Wake Up Early

Another thing to do to try to turn a person around in the morning is to avoid stimulating activities late at night. Instead, try exercising in the morning or afternoon. Meal times for the start of the day also have to change.

Being a night owl can work for some people and there’s no point in changing that. However, staying up late is a problem when you need to wake up early the next day. This can lead to sleep deprivation, which greatly harms health and increases the risk of hypertension and type 2 diabetes.

Scientists Rediscover A Rare, Wild Species That Could Save Coffee From Climate Change

Our planet already has its long period of existence and has already gone through several changes. One of them, which researchers consider one of the most drastic, is climate change. This has been affecting the world in many different ways and perhaps it is heading towards a point where our existence becomes more and more difficult.

Logically, it has numerous consequences for our existence. We always think of animals, seas, or forests when we talk about climate change. But climate change is a reality facing farmers. And, according to research, the future of some foods is worrying. Some products that are very popular today will become increasingly rare and expensive.

Climate Changes

One such product is the beloved coffee. Fortunately, scientists have identified a coffee plant that could be more resistant to the nuances of climate change.

This plant is called coffee stenophylla or Coffea stenophylla. It is a wild and relatively rare species found in Upper West Africa. When compared to the most commonly used coffee plants, this one is much better equipped to deal with climate change.

In addition, this plant has a taste similar to the high quality Arabica coffee made with the Arabica plant,  C. arabica. Because of this, the plant must make coffee connoisseurs satisfied. Arabica currently dominates 75% of the market and is one of the variants particularly threatened by climate change. This is because the plant needs very specific conditions to grow.

“This species substantially broadens the climate envelope for high-quality coffee and can provide an important resource for the development of climate-resistant coffee growing plants,” the researchers wrote.

New Species

In fact, the stenophylla plant is in a comeback process. Not least because it was thought that she had died everywhere, except in Côte d’Ivoire. And they had very little published information about her in several decades. However, it was rediscovered in Sierra Leone.

Scientists tested samples of C. stenophylla  to see what it tasted like, and made models to assess what kind of conditions it could grow under. With this they discovered that this plant can grow in temperatures of up to 24.9° Celsius.

According to previous research, this plant variety can survive periods of drought and is also resistant to coffee rust. All of this means that it has several attractions to be a possible option for coffee production in more challenging weather conditions.

“Low productivity was singled out as the main reason why stenophylla failed to establish itself as one of the main coffee species in the world, although competition from robusta coffee, whose initial progress to become a global commodity coincides with the decline in cultivation of stenophylla, probably the main contributing factor,” the researchers wrote.

Future Use

Stenophylla coffee was also very popular, in blind trials, among coffee tasting experts. And as time goes on, this plant can be crossed with others so that more climate resilience is possible.

This change in the coffee species is one of the options the industry is looking for. Other ideas such as relocating coffee bean cultivation and adapting different aspects of bean production are also being considered.

“It won’t be in coffee shops for the next two years, but I think within five to seven years we’ll see it coming into the market as a niche coffee, as a high value coffee, and after that, I think it will be more common,” he concluded. Aaron Davis, head of coffee research at the Royal Botanic Gardens in the UK.